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A ProMED-mail post <http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases <http://www.isid.org>

In this post:
[1] South Carolina: cow, human exposure; skunk, dog exposure
[2] New Jersey: cat, human exposure
[3] Maine: raccoon, human exposure

[1] South Carolina: cow, human exposure; skunk, dog exposure

Date: Wed 18 Nov 2020

Source: Fox Carolina [edited]

情報源:Fox Carolina (編集)

The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control says 2 recent encounters with rabid animals have exposed both people and pets to rabies.

According to DHEC, a cow located near Nance Street and Dennis Dairy Road in Newberry tested positive for rabies. DHEC is investigating the potential for multiple human and animal exposures, and anyone known to have had potential exposure to the rabid cow has been referred to their healthcare providers. The cow was submitted to the agency's lab for testing on 12 Nov [2020] and confirmed to have rabies on 13 Nov [2020].
DHECによると、NewberryのNance Street とDennis Dairy Road近くの牛が狂犬病の陽性反応を示した。DHECは、複数の人や動物への曝露の可能性を調査しており、狂犬病の牛に接した可能性があることが分かった人は医療機関に紹介されている。この牛は、2020年11月12日に検査のためにDHECの研究所に提供され、11月13日に狂犬病に罹患していることが確認された。

The 2nd incident involved a skunk found near Mt. Pleasant Road and Ringer Road in Pomeria. The skunk was submitted to DHEC's lab fortesting on16 Nov [2020] and the next day [17 Nov 2020] was confirmed to have rabies. While there were no known human exposures, a pet dog was exposed. The dog was never vaccinated for rabies, and now DHEC says the owners are considering euthanasia.
2例目は、PomeriaのMt.Pleasant RoadとRinger Roadの近くで発見されたスカンクが関与している。スカンクは2020年11月16日に検査のためにDHECの研究所に提出され、翌日(2020年11月17日)に狂犬病と確認された。人への暴露は確認されていないが、ペットの犬が暴露された。この犬は狂犬病の予防接種を受けておらず、DHECによると、現在、飼い主は安楽死を検討しているという。


"To reduce the risk of getting rabies, always give wild and stray animals plenty of space," said David Vaughan, director of DHEC's Onsite Wastewater, Rabies Prevention, and Enforcement Division. "If you see an animal in need, avoid touching it since the possibility ofexposure to rabies can occur anywhere and anytime. Contact someone trained in handling animals, such as your local animal control officeror wildlife rehabilitator."
DHECの浄化槽・狂犬病予防監視部門の責任者であるDavid Vaughanは、もし救護が必要な動物を見つけても、いつ何時狂犬病に暴露されるかもしれないので、野生動物や放浪動物とは距離をとり触れてはいけない。地元の動物管理官や野生動物リハビリテーターなど、動物の取り扱いの訓練を受けた人に連絡して欲しい。」と述べた。

If you believe you or someone you know has had contact with or been potentially exposed to these animals or another suspect animal, you're asked to reach out to your local Environmental Affairs office. An exposure is defined as a bite, a scratch, or contact with saliva orbody fluids from an infected or possibly infected animal.

If your pet or livestock are found with wounds of unknown origin, DHEC asks you to consider your pet or livestock could have been exposed to rabies and contact the Columbia office at (803) 896-0620 during normal business hours (8:30 a.m.-5:00 p.m., Monday-Friday). To report a bite or exposure on holidays or times outside of normal business hours, please call the DHEC after-hours service number at (888) 847-0902.
ペットや家畜に原因不明の傷が見つかった場合、DHECは、ペットや家畜が狂犬病に感染した可能性があると考え、通常の業務時間内(月~金、午前8時30分~午後5時)にコロンビア事務所(803)896-0620に連絡するよう依頼している。休日や通常の業務時間外に咬まれたり、暴露されたことを報告する場合には、DHECの時間外サービス番号(888) 847-0902に連絡して欲しい。


DHEC reminds animal and livestock owners it's important to keep animals up to date on rabies vaccinations. The cow and skunk are the11th and 12th animals in Newberry County to test positive for rabies in 2020. There have been 158 cases of rabid animals statewide thisyear [2020]. Since 2011, South Carolina has averaged approximately 130 positive cases a year. In 2019, 5 of the 148 confirmed rabies cases in South Carolina were in Newberry County.

[Byline: Matthew Ablon]
(担当:Matthew Ablon)
Communicated by:

[2] New Jersey: cat, human exposure

Date: Fri 20 Nov 2020

Source: Press of Atlantic City [edited]

情報源:Press of Atlantic City (編集)

Police on Friday [20 Nov 2020] notified residents a rabid cat was found in the township. The stray cat was found Wednesday (18 Nov 2020) by an animal control officer in the 1900 block of South Cologne Avenue after it had been struck by a car, police said in a news release. According to a separate news release from Atlantic County, the cat bit the officer as he was removing it from the road.
警察は金曜日[2020年11月20日]、町内で狂犬病の猫が発見されたと住民に通知した。この野良猫は水曜日(2020年11月18日)、South Cologne通りの1900ブロックで車にはねられた後、動物管理官によって発見された、と警察は報道の中で述べている。Atlantic郡からの別の報道によると、道路からその猫をどかしていた際に、猫が管理官に噛みついたということである。

The cat was taken for evaluation and then euthanized due to the extent of its injuries, county spokeswoman Linda Gilmore said. The state lab confirmed the cat tested positive for rabies Friday [20 Nov 2020]. The animal control officer has been treated for rabies exposure, Gilmore said.
郡の広報担当Linda Gilmoreによると、この猫は観察のために保護されたが、怪我の程度がひどいため安楽死された。州の研究所は、猫が金曜日(2020年11月20日)に狂犬病の陽性と判定されたたことを確認した。Gilmore氏によると、動物管理官は狂犬病曝露の治療を受けているとのことである。

Atlantic County officials said it was the 5th rabies case identified in Atlantic County this year [2020] and the 3rd in the township.


The township advises residents to avoid feeding or touching feral or wild animals and encourages them to keep up to date with their pets'rabies vaccinations.


The Atlantic County Animal Shelter will hold its next free rabies vaccination clinics for dogs 6 Dec and 13 Dec [2020] by appointmentonly. Appointments can be made at <aclink.org/animalshelter>.

Atlantic郡アニマルシェルターでは、次回の犬の無料狂犬病予防接種クリニックを2020年12月6日と12月13日に予約制で開催する。予約は< aclink.org/animalshelter>で受け付けている。

[Byline: Giorgio Steele]
(編集:Giorgio Steele)
Communicated by:


Date: Mon 23 Nov 2020

Source: Press Herald Forecaster [edited]

情報源:Press Herald Forecaster (編集)

Falmouth Police are advising caution about potentially aggressive wild animals after a Falmouth resident was attacked and bitten by a rabidraccoon on 11 Nov [2020] while walking through the Woodlands Country Club trail system.

Falmouth警察は、2020年11月11日にFalmouthの住民がWoodlands Country Clubのコースを歩いている最中に狂犬病のアライグマに襲われ、噛まれたことを受けて、攻撃的になる可能性のある野生動物について注意を促している。

The raccoon was later captured and tested positive for rabies. The Falmouth Police Department is asking residents to be wary of anyaggressive characteristics in wild animals and to report them if the behavior is observed. The department has not received any other callsregarding possibly rabid animals.


Information on rabies is available on the Center for Disease Control's website (<https://www.cdc.gov/rabies/index.html>).

[Byline: Brielle Hardy]

(担当:Brielle Hardy

Communicated by:

[Rabies is a fatal but preventable viral disease. It can spread to people and pets if they are bitten or scratched by a rabid animal. In the United States, rabies is mostly found in wild animals like bats, raccoons, skunks, and foxes. However, in many other countries, dogs still carry rabies, and most rabies deaths in people around the world are caused by dog bites.

The rabies virus infects the central nervous system. If a person does not receive the appropriate medical care after a potential rabiesexposure, the virus can cause disease in the brain, ultimately resulting in death. Rabies can be prevented by vaccinating pets, staying away from wildlife, and seeking medical care after potential exposures before symptoms start.

Rabies virus is transmitted through direct contact (such as through broken skin or mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, or mouth) withsaliva or brain/nervous system tissue from an infected animal.

People usually get rabies from the bite of a rabid animal. It is also possible, but rare, for people to get rabies from non-bite exposures,which can include scratches, abrasions, or open wounds exposed to saliva or other potentially infectious material from a rabid animal.

In the United States, postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) consists of a regimen of one dose of immune globulin and 4 doses of rabies vaccineover a 14-day period. Rabies immune globulin and the 1st dose of rabies vaccine should be given by your health-care provider as soon aspossible after exposure. Current vaccines are relatively painless and are given in your arm like a flu or tetanus vaccine; rabies vaccines are not given in the stomach.


After a bite or other rabies exposure, the rabies virus has to travel through the body to the brain before it can cause symptoms. This timebetween the exposure and the appearance of symptoms is called the incubation period, and it may last for weeks to months. The incubationperiod may vary based on the location of the exposure site (how far away it is from the brain), the type of rabies virus, and any existingimmunity.
咬傷または他の狂犬病曝露後、狂犬病ウイルスは、症状を引き起こす以前に体内を移動して脳に行く必要がある。 曝露から症状が現れるまでの時間は潜伏期間と呼ばれ、数週間から数ヶ月続く場合がある。 潜伏期間は、曝露された部位の位置(脳からの距離)、狂犬病ウイルスの種類、および免疫力によって異なる。

The 1st symptoms of rabies may be very similar to those of the flu, including general weakness or discomfort, fever, or headache. Thesesymptoms may last for days.

There may be also discomfort or a prickling or itching sensation at the site of the bite, progressing within days to acute symptoms ofcerebral dysfunction, anxiety, confusion, and agitation. As the disease progresses, the person may experience delirium, abnormal behavior, hallucinations, hydrophobia (fear of water), and insomnia. The acute period of disease typically ends after 2-10 days. Once clinical signs of rabies appear, the disease is nearly always fatal, and treatment is typically supportive. To date, fewer than 20 cases of human survival from clinical rabies have been documented, and only a few survivors had no history of pre- or postexposure prophylaxis.

The signs, symptoms, and outcome of rabies in animals can vary, but are often similar to those in humans, including early nonspecificvsymptoms, acute neurologic symptoms, and ultimately death. (Extracted from <https://www.cdc.gov/rabies/index.html>)

(< https://www.cdc.gov/rabies/index.html>より抜粋)

Consequently, one can see why preventing rabies is so very important. Please vaccinate your pets, for your protection and for theirs. Becautious of wild animals or animals unknown to you. - Mod.TG



HealthMap/ProMED-mail maps:
Newberry County, South Carolina, United States:
Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States:
Falmouth, Maine, United States: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/61171>]

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